Cortisol is a hormone that controls the immune system. It also controls your blood sugar levels and is often regarded as a hormonal steroid. It is produced naturally within the body, in the adrenal cortex. One disadvantage of this hormone is that is reduces the formation of bones. However, there are many other negative effects of cortisol if the body is producing it in high quantities.
In general, the levels of this hormone are at their highest in the morning. However, the levels drop during the night. Cortisol, incidentally, is also responsible for improving your memory. This hormone can be increased in the body as a result of the everyday stress that we induce upon your bodies. In turn, though, excessive cortisol has substantial, negative effects on the body. Let’s look at how it affects your weight and health.
Blood Sugar Levels
Excessive production of this steroid hormone in the body can increase your blood sugar levels. High blood-sugar levels can cause many ailments. In some cases, this includes diabetes. When blood sugar levels spike or decrease, you will experience many symptoms. Either you will experience lethargy and immense weakness or hyperactivity. Both scenarios can be dangerous for your body. A regular imbalance in blood sugar levels may even result in a diabetic coma.
Thyroid function is also disturbed because of excessive cortisol production in the body. The body responds in one of two ways to a thyroid imbalance. You may either gain or lose a significant amount of weight. The worst part of this is that weight gained or lost due to an imbalance of the thyroid function cannot be corrected readily or naturally. You will have to continue taking medicines for a long period of time to correct the function.
If your metabolism is imbalanced, it will cause all sorts of problems in your body. You will lose muscle mass. Moreover, you will gain considerable fat. You may not be able to digest the food you eat properly and will feel weak as a result.
How to Manage Cortisol Levels
There are quite a few ways to keep your cortisol in check. The first trick is to consume less caffeine. In addition to this, you should exercise regularly. Doing so will help prevent the harmful increase of this hormone in your body. You should consider getting proper sleep and staying relaxed as well.
Keep these effects of increased steroid-hormone levels in mind to maintain a healthy weight and lifestyle.